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Types of Fractures


Among the most common injuries from a crash are broken bones, or fractures. While a simple fracture usually heals completely with a simple cast, some types of fractures may require medical intervention to set the bones correctly before they knit together. Depending on location, even a simple fracture may cause considerable pain.

Medical Terms for Broken Bones

The medical community has distinct definitions for fractures depending on who and where the bone has broken. They include:

  • Greenstick fracture: usually found in children, the bone bends before breaking
  • Oblique fracture: a break at some angle to the bone’s axis
  • Transverse fracture: a break at a right angle to the bone’s axis
  • Buckle fracture: when the bone is fractured and the broken ends are driven into one another
  • Comminuted fracture: a shattered bone, or one that is broken into several pieces

The severity of a fracture can depend not only on its type, but also on the amount of damage done to the surrounding tissue and to the bone’s interior.

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